I hate to DP, but... Josh, I don't think the Bible gives enough information to draw a solid conclusion to your question. "surface of the deep" is the key word here. If you look in the margins of your NASB (I'm doing it right now) you will see that "deep" has an asterisk which says "wastelands". From some of the more extensive commentaries I have found that many scholars think "water" and "deep", in this passage, are one and the same. So water is another word for deep. My other feeling here is that Genesis 1:2 is describing the state of earth at the moment before God began making things and so this is the form in which the earth was created, that is covered in a "wasteland" of waters. I agree Jason. Why I like to get a gauge on peoples thoughts about creation and the flood and such. I can kind of figure out what stage of spiritual life they are at.