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Bible Study Meanings Of The Names In Genesis 5

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Relic

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Meanings Of The Names In Genesis 5
by Chuck Missler

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Q & A: Where did you find the meanings of the names in Genesis 5?

The background behind the genealogy in Genesis 5 is one of our most frequently asked questions.

Since the ten Hebrew names are proper names, they are not translated but only transliterated to approximate the way they were pronounced. The meaning of proper names can be a difficult pursuit since direct translations are not readily available. Many study aids, such as conventional lexicons, can prove superficial when dealing with proper names. Even a conventional Hebrew lexicon can prove disappointing. A study of the original roots, however, can yield some fascinating insights. (It should be recognized, however, that the views concerning the meaning and significance of the original roots are not free of controversy and are subject to variant readings. This is why we receive so many questions or comments on variations.)

Adam

The first name, Adam, comes from adomah, and means "man." As the first man, that seems straightforward enough.

Seth

Adam's son was named Seth, which means "appointed." When he was born Eve said, "For God hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew."

Enosh

Seth's son was called Enosh, which means "mortal," "frail," or "miserable." It is from the root anash: to be incurable; used of a wound, grief, woe, sickness, or wickedness. (It was in the days of Enosh that men began to defile the name of the Living God.
(note1) )

Kenan

Enosh's son was named Kenan, from which can mean "sorrow," dirge," or "elegy." (The precise denotation is somewhat elusive; some study aids unfortunately presume an Aramaic root synonymous with "Cainan.") Balaam, looking down from the heights of Moab, employed a pun upon the name of the Kenites when he prophesied their destruction.
(note2)

Mahalalel

Kenan's son was Mahalalel, from mahalal, which means "blessed" or "praise"; and El, the name for God. Thus, Mahalalel means "the Blessed God." Often Hebrew names included El, the name of God, as Dani-el, "God is my Judge," Nathani-el, "Gift of God," etc.

Jared

Mahalalel's son was named Jared, from the verb yaradh, meaning "shall come down." Some authorities suggest that this might have been an allusion to the "Sons of God" who "came down" to corrupt the daughters of men, resulting in the Nephilim ("Fallen Ones") of Genesis 6.
(note3)


Enoch

Jared's son was named Enoch, which means "teaching," or "commencement." He was the first of four generations of preachers. In fact, the earliest recorded prophecy was by Enoch, which amazingly enough deals with the Second Coming of Christ.
(note4)

Methuselah

The Flood of Noah did not come as a surprise. It had been preached on for four generations. But something strange happened when Enoch was 65, from which time "he walked with God." Enoch was given a prophecy that as long as his son was alive, the judgment of the flood would be withheld; but as soon as he died, the flood would be sent forth.

Enoch named his son to reflect this prophecy. The name Methuselah comes from two roots: muth, a root that means "death"
(note5); and from shalach, which means "to bring," or "to send forth." Thus, the name Methuselah signifies, "his death shall bring." (note6)

And, indeed, in the year that Methuselah died, the flood came. Methuselah was 187 when he had Lamech, and lived 782 years more. Lamech had Noah when he was 182.
(note7) The Flood came in Noah's 600th year. (note8) 187 + 182 + 600 = 969, Methuselah's age when he died. (note9)

It is interesting that Methuselah's life was, in effect, a symbol of God's mercy in forestalling the coming judgment of the flood. It is therefore fitting that his lifetime is the oldest in the Bible, symbolizing the extreme extensiveness of God's mercy.

Lamech

Methuselah's son was named Lamech, a root still evident today in our own English word, "lament" or "lamentation." Lamech suggests "despairing." (This name is also linked to the Lamech in Cain's line who inadvertently killed his son Tubal-Cain in a hunting incident.
(note10) )

Noah

Lamech, of course, is the father of Noah, which is derived from nacham , "to bring relief" or "comfort," as Lamech himself explains.
(note11)



The Composite List

Now let's put it all together:

Hebrew - English


Adam - Man
Seth - Appointed
Enosh - Mortal
Kenan - Sorrow
Mahalalel - The Blessed God
Jared - Shall come down
Enoch - Teaching
Methuselah - His death shall bring
Lamech - The despairing
Noah - Rest, or comfort

Here is a summary of God's plan of redemption, hidden here within a genealogy in Genesis! You will never convince me that a group of Jewish rabbis deliberately "contrived" to hide the "Christian Gospel" right here in a genealogy within their venerated Torah!

Evidences of Design

The implications of this discovery are far more deeply significant than may be evident at first glance. It demonstrates that in the earliest chapters of the Book of Genesis, God had already laid out His plan of redemption for the predicament of mankind. It is the beginning of a love story, ultimately written in blood on a wooden cross which was erected in Judea almost 2,000 years ago.

This is also one of many evidences that the Bible is an integrated message system, the product of supernatural engineering. This punctures the presumptions of many who view the Bible as a record of an evolving cultural tradition, noble though it may be. It claims to be authored by the One who alone knows the end from the beginning,
(note12) despite the fact that it is composed of 66 separate books, penned by some 40 authors, spanning several thousand years. (note13)


**NOTES**

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1. Genesis 4:26 is often mistranslated. Targum of Onkelos: "...desisted from praying in the name"; Targum of Jonathan: "surnamed their idols in the name..."; Kimchi, Rashi, and other ancient Jewish commentators agree. Jerome indicated that this was the opinion of many Jews of his day. Maimonides, Commentary on the Mishna (a constituent part of the Talmud), A.D. 1168, ascribes the origin of idolatry to the days of Enosh.
2. Numbers 24:21,23.
3. These were discussed in our book, Alien Encounters.
4. Jude 14,15.
5. "Muth," death, occurs 125 times in the Old Testament.
6. See Pink, Jones, and Stedman in Sources (above).
7. Genesis 5:25-28.
8. Genesis 7:6,11.
9. Genesis 5:27.
10. Genesis 4:19-25; rabbinical sources, Re: Kaplan, et al.
11. Genesis 5:29.
12. Isaiah 46:10; Revelation 21:6; 22:13.
13. Job was far earlier than even the books of Moses.



* * *




source:http://www.khouse.org/articles/2000/284/print/
 

StoveBolts

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That's pretty cool. Are those names in order by geneology?

I do have a question though. When do you think Job was written, especially since Job was in the Iron age... Which was after Moses's time if I'm not mistaken, but I could be.
 

Relic

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StoveBolts said:
That's pretty cool. Are those names in order by geneology?
I didn't create that list, but yes it is in agreement with this chart I have.

Do you agree? Why do you ask?




StoveBolts said:
I do have a question though. When do you think Job was written, especially since Job was in the Iron age... Which was after Moses's time if I'm not mistaken, but I could be.
There is much speculation as to when Job was written and even to whether Job himself wrote the book or not. And some say it is the oldest book of the bible. Then, some say it was written around only 750 B.C.

According to this timeline chart I have, Moses time was around 1415 B.C.
and ironically, Job is nowhere listed on that chart. I suppose because there is much controversy as to when it was written.


I think I see what you are getting at, :smt102 But, I'm not sure though, might it be this, In regards to (note13) ?... If Job was alive around the time 750 B.C. then how could he have written the oldest book in the bible and before Moses time, as some people take claim to it? But, some say the iron age was around 1200-539 BCE and if this is so, and Job was alive before 1415 BCE, then Job could well have been written before the books of Moses. So what is going on with some men's calculations in this regard, I don't know... Is that what you are getting at?

I'm no pro at biblical timelines in regards to Job's time on earth.
Chuck Missler did a study on the book of Job.
You can listen to the mp3 files and let me know what you think:
http://www.firefighters.org/html/library.cfm?Book_ID=18&Home=1



Without listening to those audio files, first let me know what is your view on this?

Sorry I couldn't be more help here. :-?

.
 

StoveBolts

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Thanks for your feedback.
I just thought it was cool, the way the names created a sentance 8-)

As far as Job and the Iron age, I'm lousy at timelines. I've never really did any indepth timeline study on the OT, but I did recall somewhere that the Iron age came about right after Moses passed. Now, as with most things, I cannot guarantee the accuracy as I've always taken the book for what it was.
Just out of curiousity, why would it matter to some when it was written? I mean, what is the purpose of exactly knowing? Do some claim that it supports someting else somewhere else in the Bible and it needs to be set on a specific timeline to support some kind of theology?

Just curious, now I'll download the file and give it a listen :biggrin
Thanks!
 

Relic

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Boy was that link a disappointment, they closed the file. :sad

I suppose chuck Missler asked them to close it because now instead of offering that material for free, he turned on us and now sells it on a tape on the book of Job, on his web site .
He still has a lot of audio files for free on his web site, but they are only samples of his lectures. But I couldn't find any on the subject of Job :-? Too bad, because Chuck Missler is an excellent teacher.

sorry I posted a dead link Stovebolts. :oops:

.
 

StoveBolts

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No appology needed. You don't control his link :wink:

Thanks for sharing the article though!
 
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