God foresaw sin’s entering the world but he did not decree it. God knows how people will respond to the Gospel invitation but he does not deliberately determine that response.
I would say God decrees everything and that is how He knows how people will respond. There is no other way to know what we call the future unless something predestines (predetermines) it. Even God cannot know what nothing will do because nothing is no thing and God cannot determine something (the future) from 'no thing' as
'no thing' determining 'some thing' is a contradiction. In eternity, there was no time and the only 'something' was God. Since His knowledge does not change and He knows what we call 'the future', only that something (God) could determine everything.
If humans determine their future then God is NOT an independent God for he depends on us to determine what He will do. To some extent, if God is dependent upon man, then God becomes our puppet that must respond according to rules He prescribes; yet, a Sovereign is not under the law.
Regarding election we must have regard to God’s justice. Let’s admit it. God is not under any obligation to save anyone even though Jesus has provided salvation that is sufficient for all.
God would not be partial if he did nothing to provide salvation for all. But how can He be other than playing favourites if he selects some from the multitude of people throughout history and does nothing for the remainder who are doomed.
You define "God's partiality" from a human perspective IMO. From a human perspective, God is partial as He favored Israel from Jacob to Christ's death. (Ephesians 2:12; Matthew 10:5; Matthew 15:24)
Partiality from God's perspective is: God is independent of His creation and therefore they have no effect upon Him
. The constitution of anything or creature is dependent upon Him as He is the “first cause” of all things without exception.
(Acts 17:28; Col. 1:17, Heb. 1:3)
However, that is not how the Bible sees it. The common grace of God has been extended to all people so that everyone has the ability restored to be “willing to do His will” (John 7:17
). God’s grace has appeared to all people (Titus 2:11
) bringing or offering them salvation. Sadly for many this grace is futile.
This statement implicitly relies on the premise that ALL (everyone without exception) people can be saved. Since those who have not heard the gospel cannot be saved your conclusion is faulty. (Reason: an adult must be saved by faith and faith relies on content from hearing the gospel; such content being unknown to said people and thus faith is impossible and they are therefore lost.) (Ephesians 2:12; John 14:6)
Titus 2:11 ... says that God's grace has been manifested through Christ's work on the cross, but it does not say that God has thereby supplied the ability to believe to all people.
If God arbitrarily chooses some and damns the rest, why should the Christian be bothered with preaching or witnessing?
1. Because God asks you to preach/teach
2. We do not know whom God will save so one preaches/teaches hoping God will use us as a secondary cause in his work.
It is obvious that since God knows who will be saved, then how could you claim that He is attempting to save everyone as that is a contradiction.
Premise 1: God foresaw which sinners would be lost
Premise 2: it is not within God's will to allow these sinners to be lost
Premise 3: God loves everyone without exception and the definition of LOVE (agape) is "a volition to favor".
Conclusion: God could have just as easily refrained from creating those that He knew would go to Hell; had them die as infants and thus saved those He loves as opposed to having move of those he favors (loves) spend eternity in hell.
Wayne Grudem, Systematic Theology
If we assume that God's knowledge of the future is true, then it is absolutely certain that person #1 will believe and person #2 will not. There is no way their lives could turn out differently than this. Therefore the Arminian position paints itself into a corner by being forced to conclude that their destinies are determined, for they could not be otherwise. But now the question is, by what are their destinies determined? If God Himself determines them then we no longer have election based on foreseen faith, but rather on God's sovereign will (Calvinism). But if God does not determine their destinies then who or what determines them? Of course no Christian would say that there is some powerful being other than God controlling people's destinies. That is a scary possibility! In rejecting "divine determinism," the Arminian by default must embrace an impersonal determinism coming from some mysterious other source. And to be sure, this idea certainly does not leave much room for their much-boasted free will. The only possible alternative is to say their destinies are determined by some impersonal force, some kind of fate operative in the universe, making things turn out as they do. But of what benefit is this? We have then sacrificed election in love by a personal and compassionate God for a kind of determinism by an impersonal force and God is no longer to be given the ultimate credit for our salvation.